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Borago officinalis; Borage Cool   

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Borago officinalis
Borago officinalis
Borage Cool
Photographer: Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

ID: 0000 0000 0923 0425 (2023-09-18)

Copyright © 2023 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

  • date of photo  Apr 30, 2023
  • latitude 44.52776   longitude 14.48526     View on Google Maps.
  • location   Adriatic Sea; island Lošinj; east of town Mali Lošinj, Valdarke beach; Kvarner archipelago (Rijeka region, Croatia)
  • family Boraginaceae
  • notes   Slo.: zdravilna boraga - Habitat: near sea shore; semiruderal place next to a dirt road; flat terrain; calcareous, skeletal, sunny, open, dry place; average precipitations ~ 900 mm/year, average temperature 12-14 deg C, elevations 8 m (25 feet), Sub-Mediterranean phytogeographical region. - Substratum: soil. - Comments (pertain to pictures in the Flicker album Borago officinalis): Borago officinalis is a species of Mediterranean origin. However, today it is spread all around the world. In several European countries it is considered introduced and in others already naturalized. The Euro-Med Plant Base (Ref.1) shows quite unusual distribution of it. The occurrences appear to be divided into two large regions, west and north, with many central and eastern European countries in between, where it is supposed to be introduced. Slovenia is marked as a country where it doesn't grow, which is definitely wrong. Slovenian plant key (Ref.2) names the species in the Sub-Mediterranean region of the country and the FloVegSi Data Base (Ref. 4) includes 18 observations in the country. - Borago officinalis is a plant, which cannot be confused with any other. Its habit, nodding, intensive blue flowers and very strong hairiness make it very easy to be recognize. It is a very old medical plant sometimes still grown in gardens from where it often goes wild. Its wrinkled, gray-green, hairy leaves are edible according to many sources, other claim it is weakly poisonous and potentially causing allergies. - Ref.: (1) Euro+Med Plantbase - the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity. – Published at [accessed Sept. 17. 2023]. (2) A. Martinči et all., Mala Flora Slovenije (Flora of Slovenia - Key) (in Slovenian), Tehnična Založba Slovenije (2007), p 541. (3) T. Nikolić, Flora Croatica, Vaskularna flora Republike Hrvatske, Vol. 2., Alfa d.d.. Zagreb (2020) p 235. (4) Seliškar, T., Vreš, B., Seliškar, A. (2003). FloVegSi 2.0. Računalniški program za urejanje in analizo bioloških podatkov (FloVegSi Data base). The Jovan Hadži Institute of Biology ZRC SAZU, Ljubljana. (5) M.A. Fischer, W. Adler, K. Oswald, Exkursionsflora für Österreich, Liechtenstein und Südtirol, LO Landesmuseen, Linz, Austria (2005), p 684.
  • camera   Nikon D700 / Nikkor Micro 105mm/f2.8
  • contributor's ID #  Bot_1520/2023_DSC2670
  • photo category: Plant - annual/perennial

  • common names   Borage Cool, Tankard, Cover, Crop Tailwort, Talewort (photographer)
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    Using this photo   The thumbnail photo (128x192 pixels) on this page may be freely used for personal or academic purposes without prior permission under the Fair Use provisions of US copyright law as long as the photo is clearly credited with © 2023 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy. For other uses, or if you have questions, contact Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy amadej.trnkoczy[AT] (Replace the [AT] with the @ symbol before sending an email.)


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