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Juniperus oxycedrus ssp. oxycedrus; Cade Juniper   

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Juniperus oxycedrus ssp. oxycedrus
Juniperus oxycedrus ssp. oxycedrus
Cade Juniper
Photographer: Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

ID: 0000 0000 0323 1147 (2023-03-25)

Copyright © 2023 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

  • date of photo  Jul 3, 2013
  • latitude 44.64223   longitude 14.39895     View on Google Maps.
  • location   Adriatic Sea, island Lošinj; east of village St. Jakov and about 150 m north of Lanena beach, almost at the sea shore, Kvarner archipelago (Rijeka region, Croatia)
  • notes   Slo.: rdečeplodni brin - syn.: Juniperus rufescens Link, nom. illeg., Juniperus oxycedrus subsp. rufescens Debeaux. - Habitat: sea shore macchia, moderately inclined hill slope, east aspect, calcareous, skeletal ground, full sun; average precipitations ~ 1.000 mm/year, average temperature 12-14 deg C, elevations 10 m (33 feet), Sub-Mediterranean phytogeographical region. - Substratum: soil. - Comments (pertain to pictures in Flicker album Juniperus oxycedrus): Most people come in touch with genus Juniperus in alcoholic drinks, which contain berries of some its species for typical flavor or as a commonly known kitchen spice. Some of them also know the most common species (at least in the part of Europe, where I live) in this genus - the common juniper (Juniperus communis). But it is little known that the genus includes more than 60 taxa, which are not always easy to separate in some regions of their distribution. Juniperus oxycedrus is a wide spread and common member of genus Juniperus. It is a typical Mediterranean plant, which grows in the form of small sprawling or medium-sized shrubs right up to trees of considerable height with trunk diameter up to 50 cm (Ref.1). The plant is an important member of Mediterranean macchia and tolerates extremely stony ground and hot direct sun. The pictures shown here are from three islands in northwest Adriatic Sea: Krk, Lošinj and Olib, where the taxon is very common. Its berries (which are botanically not berries but unusually shaped cones) are considered equivalent to berries of Juniperus communis in their use by some people, however, others consider it (slightly) poisonous. In fact, the berries of both taxa contain chemical thujone, which is clearly a poison present also in well-known drinks absinthe and gin. Actually the concentration of thujone in the berries of Juniperus oxycedrus is higher than in those of the common juniper. Nevertheless, this heliophilous (loving sun) and xerophilous (adapted to a very dry habitat) species is highly sought by many kind of birds who are the main agents of the dissemination. - To recognize Juniperus oxycedrus is easy. Its leaves are very sharp at the end and have two white lines along the leaf blade (see Fig. 21). - Ref.: (1) R. Brus, Drevesa in grmi Jadrana (Trees and bushes of Adria) (in Slovene), Modrijan Pub, (2012), p 74. (2) (accessed March 11. 2023) (3) T. Nikolić, Flora Croatica, Vaskularna flora Republike Hrvatske (Vascular Flora of the Republic Croatia), Vol. 2., Alfa d.d.. Zagreb (2020) p 53, (4) A. Martinči et all., Mala Flora Slovenije (Flora of Slovenia - Key) (in Slovenian), Tehnična Založba Slovenije (2007), p 116.
  • camera   Nikon D700 / Nikkor Micro 105mm/f2.8
  • contributor's ID #  Bot_0729/2013_DSC6930
  • photo category: Plant - shrub

  • common names   Cade Juniper (photographer)
  • View all photos in CalPhotos of Juniperus oxycedrus ssp. oxycedrus
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  • The photographer's identification Juniperus oxycedrus ssp. oxycedrus has not been reviewed. Click here to review or comment on the identification.

    Using this photo   The thumbnail photo (128x192 pixels) on this page may be freely used for personal or academic purposes without prior permission under the Fair Use provisions of US copyright law as long as the photo is clearly credited with © 2023 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy. For other uses, or if you have questions, contact Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy amadej.trnkoczy[AT] (Replace the [AT] with the @ symbol before sending an email.)


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