CalPhotos    Photo Database

Anagallis arvensis; Scarlet Pimpernel   

Contributors      Log In  

click photo for larger file
Anagallis arvensis
Anagallis arvensis
Scarlet Pimpernel
Photographer: Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

ID: 0000 0000 0323 0509 (2023-03-11)

Copyright © 2023 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

  • date of photo  Apr 24, 2006
  • latitude 44.39129   longitude 14.79766     View on Google Maps.
  • location   Adriatic Sea region; island Olib, about half way from Slatinica beach to Slatina bay; west Zadar archipelago (Dalmatia, Croatia)
  • family Primulaceae
  • notes   Slo.: navadna kurja češnjica - ., syn.: Lysimachia arvensis (L.) U. Manns & Anderb.. Anagallis caerulea L., Anagallis latifolia L., Anagallis platyphylla Baudo, Anagallis carnea Schrank, Anagallis parviflora Hoffmanns. & Link, Anagallis phoenicea Scop. - Habitat: abandoned, unmaintained former cultural land next to a footpath; almost flat terrain, calcareous, skeletal ground; dry and sunny place; average precipitations ~ 950 mm/year, average temperature 13-15 deg C, elevations 12 m (40 feet), Sub-Mediterranean phytogeographical region. - Substratum: red Karst soil among stones. - Comments (pertain to pictures in Flicker album Anagallis arvensis): Anagallis arvensis is a low, annual, creeping 'weed' with tiny but beautiful, vividly colored scarlet red or blue flowers. It grows 'everywhere'. It is native from north Africa countries bordering to Mediterranean Sea shores to almost Novaya Zemlya in the north and spread by humans all around the globe. Most often one can find it on or near extensively used or abandoned cultivated ground and semiruderal places. - Its flowers are usually scarlet red, but more to the south one goes (in Europe), more flowers with blue color can be found. Taxonomy of this species is not yet totally fixed. Some consider the blue variant as a subspecies of Anagallis arvensis, that is Anagallis arvensis ssp. foemina (Mill.) Schinz & Thell. Others consider(ed) it on species level, but usually in an another genus, in the Lysmachia genus. Be that as it may the plant is beautiful from close, however, neither large nor showy. - Interestingly the flowers, which measure a good cm across, are sensitive to air humidity. In humid conditions they close and in dry air they open their petals. So, for centuries people took it into account trying to predict weather. One of German name – Wetterkraut – (e.g. Weather-plant) clearly indicates this. - Ref.: (1) A. Martinči et all., Mala Flora Slovenije (Flora of Slovenia - Key) (in Slovenian), Tehnična Založba Slovenije (2007), p 476. (2) T. Nikolić, Flora Croatica, Vaskularna flora Republike Hrvatske, Vol. 3. Alfa d.d.. Zagreb (2020) p 414. (3 ) W.K. Rottensteiner, Exkursionsflora für Istrien, Verlag des Naturwissenschaftlichen Vereins Kärten (2014), p 600. (4) M. Blamey, C. Grey-Wilson, Wild Flowers of the Mediterranean, A & C Black, London (2005), p 168.
  • camera   Nikon D70 /Nikkor Micro 105mm/f2.8
  • contributor's ID #  Bot_0115/2006_DSC0151
  • photo category: Plant - annual/perennial

  • common names   Scarlet Pimpernel (photographer)
  • View all photos in CalPhotos of Anagallis arvensis
  • Check Google Images for Anagallis arvensis

  • The photographer's identification Anagallis arvensis has not been reviewed. Click here to review or comment on the identification.

    Using this photo   The thumbnail photo (128x192 pixels) on this page may be freely used for personal or academic purposes without prior permission under the Fair Use provisions of US copyright law as long as the photo is clearly credited with © 2023 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy. For other uses, or if you have questions, contact Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy amadej.trnkoczy[AT] (Replace the [AT] with the @ symbol before sending an email.)


    Copyright © 1995-2023 UC Regents. All rights reserved.

    CalPhotos is a project of BNHM     University of California, Berkeley