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Ophrys sp; Ophrys (unknown Hybrid?)   

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Ophrys sp
Ophrys sp
Ophrys (unknown Hybrid?)
Photographer: Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

ID: 0000 0000 0521 2070 (2021-05-27)

Copyright © 2021 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

  • date of photo  May 10, 2019
  • latitude 45.07736   longitude 14.43808     View on Google Maps.
  • location   Adriatic Sea, island Krk, Šotovento region, west of village Brzac, toward the end of the dirt road to the sea shore, Kvarner bay (Rijeka region, Croatia)
  • notes   Slo.: mačje uho (neznan hibrid) - Habitat: fields enclosed by stony walls with olive trees; almost flat terrain, calcareous ground, full sun, dry place; elevation 86 m (300 feet); average precipitations ~ 1.000 mm/year, average temperature 12-13 deg C, sub-Mediterranean phytogeographical region. Substratum: soil. Comment: (relates to the Flickr album Ophrys sp.): This interesting, morphologically unusual Ophrys was found on island Krk growing in the midst of a group of Ophrys holosericea (Burm.) Greuter ssp. untchjii = Ophrys untchjii (M. Schulze) P. Delforge. Its form doesn't fit to any of the fifteen species and subspecies of this genus growing on the island according to the Reference 5. Hence it is most probably a hybrid. I asked four experts who know much more about this genus than me, what could the parents be. Yet we haven't come to a convincing solution. Most of us agree that rectangular, very long and narrow petals, as well as sepals, resemble on something from Ophrys sphegodes agg. Mill. The following potential candidates of this group grow on the island Krk: Ophrys sphegodes Mill. ssp. atrata (Rchb. f.) A. Bol`os, Ophrys sphegodes Mill. ssp. sphegodes and Ophrys sphegodes Mill. ssp. tommasinii (Vis.) Soó. The lip resembles to a taxon in the Ophrys scolopax agg. Cav., most probably on Ophrys kvarneri Perko & Kerschb = Ophrys zinsmeisteri Fuchs & Ziegenspeck, which is quite a common species on the island. Apparently the flowers do not show any of the morphological characteristics of Ophrys holosericea (Burm.) Greuter ssp. untchjii = Ophrys untchjii (M. Schulze) P. Delforge in spite of the fact that many of them grew in the vicinity. So, the origin of this hybrid remains a mystery to me. Ref. (1) H. Baumann, S. Kuenkele, R.Lorenz, Orchideen Europas, Ulmer (2006). (2) H. Kretzschmar, Die Orchideen Deutschlands und angrenzenden Lander, Quelle Meyer (2008). (3) O. Sebald, S. Seybold, G. Philippi, A. Wӧrz, Eds., Die Farn und Blutenpflanzen Baden-Wurttembergs, Band 8., Verlag Eugen Ulmer (1998). (4) B. Allan, P. Woods, S.Clarke, Wild Orchids of Scotland, HMSO, Edinburgh (1993). (5) Flora Croatica Database (FCD), Department of Botany, Faculty of science, FER-ZPR, University of Zagreb (2004); (accessed May 27. 2021).
  • camera   Nikon D700 / Nikkor Micro 105mm/f2.8
  • contributor's ID #  Bot_1196/2019_DSC5666
  • photo category: Plant - annual/perennial

  • common names   Ophrys (unknown Hybrid?) (photographer)
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    Using this photo   The thumbnail photo (128x192 pixels) on this page may be freely used for personal or academic purposes without prior permission under the Fair Use provisions of US copyright law as long as the photo is clearly credited with © 2021 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy. For other uses, or if you have questions, contact Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy amadej.trnkoczy[AT] (Replace the [AT] with the @ symbol before sending an email.)


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