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Clinopodium vulgare ssp. vulgare; Wild Basil   

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Clinopodium vulgare ssp. vulgare
Clinopodium vulgare ssp. vulgare
Wild Basil
Photographer: Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

ID: 0000 0000 0719 0492 (2019-07-07)

Copyright © 2019 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

  • date of photo  Jul 5, 2019
  • latitude 46.35984   longitude 13.70331     View on Google Maps.
  • location   Lower Trenta valley, between villages Soča and Trenta, right bank of river Soča, next to Trenta 2a cottage, East Julian Alps (Posočje, Slovenia)
  • notes   Slo.: navadna mačja zel - syn.: Acinos vulgaris (L.) Pers., Calamintha vulgaris (L.) Druce, Melissa clinopodium Benth., Melissa vulgaris (L.) Trevis. Calamintha clinopodium, Satureja vulgaris (L.) Bég - Habitat: Semiruderal ground near a cottage; burnt down place by a fire of the cottage two years ago; almost flat terrain; skeletal, low nutrients, calcareous ground; partly sunny place; mixed wood edge; elevation 585 m (1.920 feet); average precipitations ~ 3.000 mm/year, average temperature 7-9 deg C, alpine phytogeographical region. Substratum: soil. Comment: Clinopodium vulgare ssp. vulgare is a very common and widespread plant. It is a Euro-Asian and North American floral element and grows also in parts of north Africa. It loves nutrients poor ground of almost any kind and can be frequently found on disturbed land, path sides, bushlands and similar places. In Slovenia it is currently the only member of the genus Clinopodium. Its taxonomical history is quite picturesque as the list of the synonyms above proves. Historically it was a member of several other genera in the large family Lamiaceae (mint or deadnettle or sage family), which comprises about 250 genera with more than 7.000 species. Its taxonomy is not yet settled firmly. Nevertheless, in my country as well as in the whole Alpine region it can be easily recognized by many almost linear, distinctly fringed bracts (reduced leaves) at the base of each inflorescence (they can be seen on Fig.5 extreme lower right). Ref.: (1) M.A. Fischer, W. Adler, K. Oswald, Exkursionsflora für Österreich, Liechtenstein und Südtirol, LO Landesmuseen, Linz, Austria (2005), p 782. (2) A. Martinči et all., Mala Flora Slovenije (Flora of Slovenia - Key) (in Slovenian), Tehnična Založba Slovenije (2007), p 608. (3) D. Aeschimann, K. Lauber, D.M. Moser, J.P. Theurillat, Flora Alpina, Vol. 2., Haupt (2004), p 146. (4) K. Lauber and G. Wagner, Flora Helvetica, 5. Auflage, Haupt (2012), p 844. (5) (accessed July 7. 2019)
  • camera   Sony ILCE6000 / Carl Zeiss Vario-Tessar E 16-70 mm/f4
  • contributor's ID #  Bot_1223/2019_DSC6773
  • photo category: Plant - annual/perennial

  • common names   Wild Basil (photographer)
  • Check the Plants Database (USDA website)
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  • The photographer's identification Clinopodium vulgare ssp. vulgare has not been reviewed. Click here to review or comment on the identification.

    Using this photo   The thumbnail photo (128x192 pixels) on this page may be freely used for personal or academic purposes without prior permission under the Fair Use provisions of US copyright law as long as the photo is clearly credited with © 2019 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy. For other uses, or if you have questions, contact Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy amadej.trnkoczy[AT] (Replace the [AT] with the @ symbol before sending an email.)


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