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Maclura pomifera; Osage Orange   

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Maclura pomifera
Maclura pomifera
Osage Orange
Photographer: Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

ID: 0000 0000 1017 2120 (2017-10-25)

Copyright © 2017 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

 
INFORMATION PROVIDED WITH THE PHOTO
  • date of photo  Aug 30, 2017
  • latitude 44.83560   longitude 14.72956     View on Google Maps.
  • location   Adriatic Sea, Island Rab, north outskirts of town Lopar; Kvarner bay (Rijeka region, Croatia)
  • notes   Slo.: navadna maklura, divja pomaranča, osaški pomarančevec - syn.: Maclura aurantiaca Nutt., Ioxylon pomiferum Raf. - Habitat: poorly maintained garden in outskirts of a small town; almost flat terrain, sandy ground; full sun; dry place; elevation 34 m (110 feet); average precipitations ~ 1.000 mm/year, average temperature 12-14 deg C, (Sub)Mediterranean phytogeographical region. Substratum: garden soil. Comment: Maclura pomifera is a tree native to relatively small area of south-central North America (Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma and Texas) (Ref.4). Today it is introduced to several European countries (in 1818) including Slovenia and Croatia and elsewhere. It is mostly planted in gardens and parks. As a plant, which is resistant to cold winters it is not bound to Mediterranean only where it was photographed. The plant resembles to some extent orange tree (apart of the fruit color, of cause), however, botanically it is not related to them and belongs to mulberry family (Moraceae). Maclura pomifera tree has several uses. In USA it was most frequently used as a 'barbed wire' hedgerow shrub. Namely, the plant is full of very sharp, long and strong spines particularly nasty on new shoots. Dense thickets of young plants are almost impenetrable. Thousands of miles of hedgerows and about 200 millions trees (Ref.:4) were planted in USA, also as a protection of soil against winds in thirties of the last century. However, with the advent of barbed wire all this is gone. Also medical uses are known and its wood is of high quality. It was traditionally used for tools, bows, etc. as well as excellent, high energy firewood. Ref.: (1) Personal communication with Dr. Robert Brus, University of Ljubljana Department of Forestry, Slovenia (2) M.A. Fischer, W. Adler, K. Oswald, Exkursionsflora für Österreich, Liechtenstein und Südtirol, LO Landesmuseen, Linz, Austria (2005), p 544. (3) A. Martinči et all., Mala Flora Slovenije (Flora of Slovenia - Key) (in Slovenian), Tehnična Založba Slovenije (2007), p 230. (4) R. Brus, Drevesne vrste na slovenskem (Tree species of Slovenia) (in Slovenian), samozaložba (2012).
  • camera   Sony ILCE 6000 / Carl Zeiss Vario-Tessar E 16-70 mm/f4
  • contributor's ID #  Bot_1083/2017_DSC02975
  • photo category: Plant - tree

  • MORE INFORMATION ABOUT THIS PLANT
  • common names   Osage Orange, Bois D'arc, Horse Apple, Monkey Ball, Hedge Apples (photographer)
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    Using this photo   The thumbnail photo (128x192 pixels) on this page may be freely used for personal or academic purposes without prior permission under the Fair Use provisions of US copyright law as long as the photo is clearly credited with © 2017 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy. For other uses, or if you have questions, contact Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy amadej.trnkoczy[AT]siol.net. (Replace the [AT] with the @ symbol before sending an email.)


     

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