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Iris-x-germanica; Bearded Iris, Common Iris   

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Bearded Iris, Common Iris
Photographer: Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

ID: 0000 0000 0517 0363 (2017-05-11)

Copyright © 2017 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

  • date of photo  May 5, 2017
  • latitude 45.50831   longitude 13.92408     View on Google Maps.
  • location   Kraški rob, near the road between villages Zazid and Podpeč, below Jamperšnik hill, 649 m (Istria, Slovenia)
  • notes   Slo.: nemška perunika - syn.: Iris germanica L. - Habitat: grassland land, partly overgrown with bushes and low trees; almost flat terrain, calcareous ground, mostly sunny and dry place, Karst region, elevation 400 m (1.300 feet); average precipitations 1.400 - 1.600 mm/year, average temperature 10-12 deg C, alpine phytogeographical region. Substratum: soil. Comment: Latin genus name for irises comes from Greek word 'iris'('viris'), which denotes rainbow or bow and reflects beauty of colors and shapes of these flowers. In deed all twelve species and subspecies of this genus, which grow in Slovenia in the wild, are very beautiful. No wonder, gardeners have cultivated these plants long time ago and have developed many different new forms. Lists of different hybrids and garden forms are known already from ancient times. Many symbols and coat-of-arms, particularly in the history of French dynasty, are based on the plants' flower shape. Interestingly one of our species growing in the wild, Iris x germanica, is actually an old garden plant, which escaped from gardens back to wild nature. It is actually a hybrid of an unknown origin, or at least of an not yet agreed upon origin. Today it can be found scattered almost in all regions of the Alps as well as in other European mountains and regions. Due to its efficient vegetative propagation it frequently forms large groups of plants with tens of their large (up to 9 x 6 cm), deeply violet flowers. Very beautiful encounters! Protected according to: Uredba o zavarovanih prostoživečih rastlinskih vrstah, poglavje A, Uradni list RS, št. 46/2004 (Regulation of protected wild plants, chapter A, Official Gazette of Republic Slovenia, no. 46/2004), (2004). All wild growing species of genus Iris are protected in Slovenia. Pravilnik o uvrstitvi ogroženih rastlinskih in živalskih vrst v rdeči seznam, Uradni list RS, št. 82/2002 (Regulation of enlisting of endangered plant and animal species onto Red List, Official Gazette of Republic Slovenia, no. 82/2002) (2002). Ref.: (1) M.A. Fischer, W. Adler, K. Oswald, Exkursionsflora für Österreich, Liechtenstein und Südtirol, LO Landesmuseen, Linz, Austria (2005), p 1027. (2) A. Martinči et all., Mala Flora Slovenije (Flora of Slovenia - Key) (in Slovenian), Tehnična Založba Slovenije (2007), p 753. (3) D. Aeschimann, K. Lauber, D.M. Moser, J.P. Theurillat, Flora Alpina, Vol. 2., Haupt (2004), p 90. (4) K. Lauber and G. Wagner, Flora Helvetica, 5. Auflage, Haupt (2012), p 1296. (5) P. Skoberne, Zavarovane rastline Slovenije (Protected Plants of Slovenia), Mladinska Kniga (2007) (in Slovenian), p 72.
  • camera   Sony a6000 / Carl Zeiss Vario-Tessar E 16-70 mm/f4
  • contributor's ID #  Bot_1054/2017_DSC01123
  • photo category: Plant - annual/perennial

  • common names   Bearded Iris, Common Iris (photographer)
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    Using this photo   The thumbnail photo (128x192 pixels) on this page may be freely used for personal or academic purposes without prior permission under the Fair Use provisions of US copyright law as long as the photo is clearly credited with © 2017 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy. For other uses, or if you have questions, contact Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy amadej.trnkoczy[AT] (Replace the [AT] with the @ symbol before sending an email.)


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