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Pistacia lentiscus; Mastic Tree, Lentisc   

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Pistacia lentiscus
Pistacia lentiscus
Mastic Tree, Lentisc
Photographer: Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

ID: 0000 0000 0916 0368 (2016-09-06)

Copyright © 2016 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

  • date of photo  Sep 1, 2016
  • latitude 44.63790   longitude 14.39310     View on Google Maps.
  • location   Adriatic Sea, island Lošinj, south of village Sveti Jakov (Dalmatia, Croatia)
  • notes   Slo.: no name. - Habitat: Open maquis, almost flat, skeletal, calcareous ground; full sun, elevation 25 m (80 feet), average precipitations ~ 950 mm/year, average temperature 12-15 deg C, Mediterranean phytogeographical region. Substratum: soil among rocks. Comment: Pistachia lentiscus is a Mediterranean species growing in all countries around the Mediterranean Sea (except in Slovenia). It enters the Alps only in their extreme south west part in a very small region. This bush or low tree, quite common in maquis, is beautiful in spring when in bloom and also in late summer when in fruit because of its bright red flowers (male plants) and red fruits (becoming black). Male and female flowers are born on different plants. Female flowers are greenish. Pistachia lentiscus can be distinguished from other three similar and common Mediterranean species of genus Pistachia, namely pistachio nut (Pistachia vera), turpentine tree (Pistachia terebinthus) and Pistachia atlantica by its even-pinnate leaves, which have no end leaflet. All others have odd-pinnate leaves. The leaflets are rounded but have a small point at the end (are mucronate). The plants are sometimes cultivated and used for diverse purposes - in chewing gum, in sweets, liqueurs and in production of mastics, a resin used for conservation and refreshment of old oil paintings. Ref.: (1) D. Aeschimann, K. Lauber, D.M. Moser, J.P. Theurillat, Flora Alpina, Vol. 1., Haupt (2004), p 1042. (2) I. Schӧnfelder, P. Schӧnfelder, Kosmos Atlas Mittelmeer- und Kanarenflora, Kosmos, (2002), p 112. (3) M. Blamey, C. Grey-Wilson, Wild Flowers of the Mediterranean, A & C Black, London (2005), p 127. (4) R. Domac, Flora Hrvatske (Flora of Croatia) (in Croatian), Školska Knjiga, Zagreb (1994), p 154. (5) D. Seidel, Blumen am Mittelmeer, BLV (2002), p 216.
  • camera   Canon G11, 6.1-30mm/f2.8-4.5
  • contributor's ID #  Bot_1002/2016_IMG1402
  • photo category: Plant - annual/perennial

  • common names   Mastic Tree, Lentisc (photographer)
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    Using this photo   The thumbnail photo (128x192 pixels) on this page may be freely used for personal or academic purposes without prior permission under the Fair Use provisions of US copyright law as long as the photo is clearly credited with © 2016 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy. For other uses, or if you have questions, contact Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy amadej.trnkoczy[AT] (Replace the [AT] with the @ symbol before sending an email.)


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