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Opuntia ficus-indica; Prickly Pear   

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Opuntia ficus-indica
Opuntia ficus-indica
Prickly Pear
Photographer: Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

ID: 0000 0000 0716 2726 (2016-07-17)

Copyright © 2016 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

  • date of photo  Apr 27, 2016
  • latitude 35.50955   longitude 23.60876     View on Google Maps.
  • location   Outskirts of village Kalivani near town Kisamos, northwest Crete, island Crete, Greece EC. (Crete, Greece)
  • notes   Slo.: opuncija - syn.: Opuntia ficus-barbarica Berg. - Habitat: roadside; semiruderal place, border of an unmaintained garden, almost flat terrain; stony, skeletal ground, full sun, elevation 37 m (120 feet); average precipitations 900 - 1100 mm/year, average temperature about 18 deg C, Mediterranean phytogeographical region. Substratum: soil. Comment: Opuntia ficus-indica is a familiar cactus, which origins in tropical America. It is believed that it was introduced to Europe by Christopher Columbus. Today broadly spread in all Mediterranean countries and often cultivated, it is already naturalized plant in many regions. Here are there one can find it also in Slovenian submediterranean phytogeographical region, but only as a cultivar. Its fruits are edible. Surprisingly it has few and small spines. A bigger problem are its short, partly hooked and brittle bristles, which are very unpleasant when in your skin. They grow mostly in tufts from many areolas (small, well-defined areas) on their leaves. In Crete its fruits are sold and consumed as an esteemed fruit. But, how natives get rid of annoying bristles remained a secret for me. Ref.: (1) I. Schӧnfelder, P. Schӧnfelder, Kosmos Atlas Mittelmeer- und Kanarenflora, Kosmos, (2002), p 132. (2) I. Schӧnfelder, P. Schӧnfelder, Was blüht am Mittelmeer? Kosmos (2000), p 98. (3) M. Blamey, C. Grey-Wilson, Wild Flowers of the Mediterranean, A & C Black, London (2005), p 149. (4) R. Domac, Flora Hrvatske (Flora of Croatia) (in Croatian), Školska Knjiga, Zagreb (1994), p 72. (5) D. Seidel, Blumen am Mittelmeer, BLV (2002), p 75. (6) V. Papiomytoglou, Wildblumen aus Griechenland, Mediterraneo Editions (2006), p 33.
  • camera   Canon G11, 6.1-30mm/f2.8-4.5
  • contributor's ID #  Bot_952/2016_DSC1730
  • photo category: Plant - annual/perennial

  • common names   Prickly Pear (photographer)
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    Using this photo   The thumbnail photo (128x192 pixels) on this page may be freely used for personal or academic purposes without prior permission under the Fair Use provisions of US copyright law as long as the photo is clearly credited with © 2016 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy. For other uses, or if you have questions, contact Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy amadej.trnkoczy[AT] (Replace the [AT] with the @ symbol before sending an email.)


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