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Potentilla carniolica; Carnolian Cinqufoil   

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Potentilla carniolica
Potentilla carniolica
Carnolian Cinqufoil
Photographer: Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

ID: 0000 0000 0616 1930 (2016-06-25)

Copyright © 2016 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

  • date of photo  Mar 31, 2016
  • latitude 46.36035   longitude 13.70272     View on Google Maps.
  • location   Lower Trenta valley between villages Soča and Trenta, lower part of Na Melu place near Trenta 2b cottage, East Julian Alps (Posočje, Slovenia)
  • notes   Slo.: kranjski petoprstnik - syn.: Potentilla micrantha Ramon ssp. carniolica (Kern) Gams - Habitat: grassland, former pasture, mowed once per year, flat terrain, shallow, calcareous ground, half shade, exposed to direct rain, average precipitations ~ 3.000 mm/year, average temperature 7 - 9 deg C, elevation 600 m (2.000 feet), alpine phytogeographical region. Substratum: soil. Comment: Potentilla carniolica is, contrary to its species name (carniolica - Carniola is a historical name of a part of present Slovenia territory), actually a plant growing mainly in Dinaric mountains of Balkan Peninsula. It was initially found at the northern edge of its distribution area and hence inadequately named. It enters the Alps only on its extreme northern part of distribution area and exclusively on the territory of Slovenia. In Slovenian alpine phytogeographical region only a few stands in quite distant Kamnik Alps are known up to now. This find is the first known occurrence in the Julian Alps and at the same time the most northwestern of the known distribution area. It is also quite far from all other known stands in Slovenia and bordering regions of Italy. These plants were first observed and photographed a year ago (2015). A few of them (may be 5 - 6) grow on two spots only a few meters away. This year broader region around the find has been inspected during the blooming time with the aim to find more plants. If it were more growing on a larger area, this occurrence would probably be spontaneous. But there was no success, which of cause doesn't prove it is sub-spontaneous. The question whether this is a spontaneous occurrence or not remains unanswered although no reasonably probable way of their anthropogenic introduction can be imagined (Ref.:6). Picture 22b shows minute differences in leaves of very similar and common wild strawberry (Fragaria vesca). Ref.: (1) A. Martinči et all., Mala Flora Slovenije (Flora of Slovenia - Key) (in Slovenian), Tehnična Založba Slovenije (2007) (in Slovene), p 256. (2) D. Aeschimann, K. Lauber, D.M. Moser, J.P. Theurillat, Flora Alpina, Vol. 2., Haupt (2004), p 782. (3) R. Domac, Flora Hrvatske (Flora of Croatia) (in Croatian), Školska Knjiga, Zagreb (1994), p 172. (4) N. Jogan (ed.), Gradivo za Atlas flore Slovenije (Materials for the Atlas of Flora of Slovenia), CKSF (2001), p 297. (5) A. Trnkoczy, I. Dakskobler, Potentilla carniolica A. Kerner, Prvo znano nahajališče v Julijskih Alpah, najbolj zahodno v celotnem arealu vrste (The first occurence in the Julian Alps and the most west of the known distribution are) (In Slovenian), Hladnikia, Botanical Society of Slovenia (2015), Vol 36. p 56.
  • camera   Nikon D700/Nikkor Micro 105mm/f2.8
  • contributor's ID #  Bot_938/2016_DSC0628
  • photo category: Plant - annual/perennial

  • common names   Carnolian Cinqufoil (photographer)
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    Using this photo   The thumbnail photo (128x192 pixels) on this page may be freely used for personal or academic purposes without prior permission under the Fair Use provisions of US copyright law as long as the photo is clearly credited with © 2016 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy. For other uses, or if you have questions, contact Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy amadej.trnkoczy[AT] (Replace the [AT] with the @ symbol before sending an email.)


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