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Geranium lucidum; Shining Crane's-bill   

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Geranium lucidum
Geranium lucidum
Shining Crane's-bill
Photographer: Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

ID: 0000 0000 0516 2320 (2016-05-29)

Copyright © 2016 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

  • date of photo  May 16, 2016
  • latitude 46.35133   longitude 13.69344     View on Google Maps.
  • location   Lower Trenta valley, between villages Soča and Trenta, between main road to Vršič pass and river Soča, next to Trenta 46 farmhouse, East Julian Alps (Posočje, Slovenia)
  • notes   Slo.: bleščeča krvomočnica - Habitat: semiruderal road side, next to river bed, calcareous, sandy ground; partly shady, humid place (air and ground); average precipitations ~ 3.000 mm/year, average temperature 7-9 deg C, elevation 520 m (1.700 feet), alpine phytogeographical region. Substratum: soil. Comment: Geranium lucidum is a Mediterranean plant growing in the whole Mediterranean region but also outside it. In the Alps one can find it in their far west part, on their south edge in north Italy around Bergamo and in their extreme northeast part in Niederösterreich, where it is extremely rare and facing extinction (Ref.6). It grows also in Apennines, Pyreneans and Carpathians as well as in Balkan mountains. It grows from low land to montane elevations (Ref.2). To my knowledge this find seems to be the first in the Julian Alps. Flora Alpina (2004) Ref.2 doesn't refer presence of Geranium lucidum in Slovenian Alps. Also Slovenian key (2007), Ref.3 and Gradivo za Atlas, Ref.4 does not show its presence in Alpine phytogeographical region of Slovenia. The closest reference I found is in Nuovo Atlante... (2002), Ref.5 where it has been found in UTM square 6746 in Outer Julian Prealps near Tarcento, Italy. The site is still quite far from this location. The habitat of this find is mostly semi-ruderal; just next to the main asphalt road from town Bovec to Vršič pass, around the abandoned farmhouse Soča 46 and on a large pile of rocks gathered together during cleaning grassland around the farmhouse. It is almost sure that the site is sub-spontaneous, although I have no idea how could the plants come to this place. First World War with its two years of fixed front line crossing the region, which provenly introduced several new species to Slovenia through huge quantities of hay for army horses brought in from all parts of Austro-Hungarian empire, could hardly be an explanation. The plant is not showy and is considered a weed in horticulture, so nobody would plant it intentionally. The most probable way seems to be to be introduced by other garden plants, which still grow 'wild' around the abandoned house. The population is large counting several hundred flowering plants in a region of about 100 x 40 m. Ref.: (1) Identification confirmed by Dr. Igor Dakskobler, Natural History Institute Jovan Hadži, SAZU. (2) D. Aeschimann, K. Lauber, D.M. Moser, J.P. Theurillat, Flora Alpina, Vol. 1., Haupt (2004), p 1060. (3) A. Martinči et all., Mala Flora Slovenije (Flora of Slovenia - Key) (in Slovenian), Tehnična Založba Slovenije (2007), p 350. (4) N. Jogan (ed.), Gradivo za Atlas flore Slovenije (Materials for the Atlas of Flora of Slovenia), CKSF (2001), p 179 (5) L. Poldini, Nuovo Atlante corologico delle piante vascolari nel Friuli Venezia Giulia, University of Trieste (2002), p 227. (6) M.A. Fischer, W. Adler, K. Oswald, Exkursionsflora für Österreich, Liechtenstein und Südtirol, LO Landesmuseen, Linz, Austria (2005), p 412.
  • camera   Nikon D700 / Nikkor Micro 105mm/f2.8
  • contributor's ID #  Bot_957/2016_DSC2154
  • photo category: Plant - annual/perennial

  • common names   Shining Crane's-bill (photographer)
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    Using this photo   The thumbnail photo (128x192 pixels) on this page may be freely used for personal or academic purposes without prior permission under the Fair Use provisions of US copyright law as long as the photo is clearly credited with © 2016 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy. For other uses, or if you have questions, contact Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy amadej.trnkoczy[AT] (Replace the [AT] with the @ symbol before sending an email.)


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