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Viola rupestris; Teesdale Violet   

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Viola rupestris
Viola rupestris
Teesdale Violet
Photographer: Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

ID: 0000 0000 0416 1841 (2016-04-14)

Copyright © 2016 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

  • date of photo  Apr 10, 2016
  • latitude 46.36091   longitude 13.70221     View on Google Maps.
  • location   Lower Trenta valley, between villages Soča and Trenta, right bank of river Soča, Na Melu place, East Julian Alps (Posočje, Slovenia)
  • notes   Slo.: skalna vijolica beli različek - syn.: Viola arenaria DC - Habitat: Mountain pasture; moderately inclined mountain slope, south aspect; calcareous, colluvial, skeletal ground; dry, sunny, open place; exposed to direct rain; elevation 610 m (2.000 feet); average precipitations ~ 3.000 mm/year, average temperature 7-9 deg C, alpine phytogeographical region. Substratum: soil. Comment: Viola rupestris is considered a rather scattered to rare violet although it is widely distributed in European mountains and west Asia. It is usually growing on dry to semidry, grassy places. It is a small plant (lower than 10 cm) with leaves smaller than 2 cm and blue-violet flowers. But sometimes one can find also white flowering plants and such, which grow on rocks or rocky walls. In Trenta valley white and blue-violet plants growing in grassland and on stony walls can be found. In Slovenia almost thirty species of violets are known. Distinguishing among them is not always simple. Many traits (including color of flowers, shape of leaves, hairiness and odor) are variable and hybrids are frequent. In addition juvenile plants differ significantly from mature (summer) ones (particularly in leaves and hairiness). Viola rupestris belongs to a group of violets, which have true stalk with nodes and stalk leaves and two or more ground leaves in a rosette. Calyx leaves are pointed. Characteristic traits are also: flower stalks are covered with very short (0.1 mm!) and dense (unfortunately, not always) hairs; ovary is also hairy and two very, very small, opposite flower-stalk leaves are positioned above one half of the length of the flower-stalk, sometimes just below the flowers themselves. Ref.: (1) Personal communication with Dr. Igor Dakskobler, Natural History Institute 'Jovan Hadži', SAZU. (2) M.A. Fischer, W. Adler, K. Oswald, Exkursionsflora für Österreich, Liechtenstein und Südtirol, LO Landesmuseen, Linz, Austria (2005), p 432. (3) A. Martinči et all., Mala Flora Slovenije (Flora of Slovenia - Key) (in Slovenian), Tehnična Založba Slovenije (2007), p 417. (4) D. Aeschimann, K. Lauber, D.M. Moser, J.P. Theurillat, Flora Alpina, Vol. 1., Haupt (2004), p 436. (5) K. Lauber and G. Wagner, Flora Helvetica, 5. Auflage, Haupt (2012), p 400. (6) H. Haeupler, T. Muer, Bildatlas der Farn- und Bluetenpflazen Deutschlands, Ulmer (2000), p 142.
  • camera   Nikon D700/Nikkor Micro 105mm/f2.8
  • contributor's ID #  Bot_943/2016_DSC1184
  • photo category: Plant - annual/perennial

  • common names   Teesdale Violet (photographer)
  • Check the Plants Database (USDA website)
  • View Encyclopedia of Life record for Viola rupestris
  • View all photos in CalPhotos of Viola rupestris
  • Check Google Images for Viola rupestris

  • The photographer's identification Viola rupestris has not been reviewed. Click here to review or comment on the identification.

    Using this photo   The thumbnail photo (128x192 pixels) on this page may be freely used for personal or academic purposes without prior permission under the Fair Use provisions of US copyright law as long as the photo is clearly credited with © 2016 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy. For other uses, or if you have questions, contact Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy amadej.trnkoczy[AT] (Replace the [AT] with the @ symbol before sending an email.)


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