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Liparis loeselii; Fen Orchid   

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Liparis loeselii
Liparis loeselii
Fen Orchid
Photographer: Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

ID: 0000 0000 0216 2498 (2016-02-23)

Copyright © 2016 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

  • date of photo  Jun 10, 2008
  • latitude 45.94646   longitude 14.14253     View on Google Maps.
  • location   Žejna dolina valley (Thirsty valley), north of village Hotedršica (Notranjska, Slovenia)
  • notes   Slo.: Loeselova grezovka - syn.: Pseudorchis loeselii (L.) Gray - Habitat: shallow marsh, very wet grassland, mixed wood edge, partly open place; in half shade; calcareous ground; elevation 570 m (1.900 feet); average precipitations ~ 2.600 mm/year, average temperature 8-10 deg C, borderline between Dinaric and prealpine phytogeographical region. Substratum: wet, mossy soil. Comment: Liparis loeselii is one of the smallest Orchids of Slovenia. Growing on wet places and all yellow green, it perfectly blends into the surrounding greenery. In addition, it is rare. A true challenge to find! Otherwise it is widely distributed European-Siberian-North American plant, everywhere rare and quickly disappearing from this world. Ref.: 2 considers it very rare and facing extinction in most Alpine areas. Ref.4 states the same for Germany, where it is already extinct from most of known distribution areas. In Switzerland it has already disappeared from more than one half of historically known places (Ref.6). Since it requires wet, moneywise 'useless' places, and is very sensitive to nitrogen (fertilization) its prospects are dark. Protected according to: Uredba o zavarovanih prostoživečih rastlinskih vrstah, poglavje A, Uradni list RS, št. 46/2004 (Regulation of protected wild plants, chapter A, Official Gazette of Republic Slovenia, no. 46/2004), (2004). According to Pravilnik o uvrstitvi ogroženih rastlinskih in živalskih vrst v rdeči seznam, Uradni list RS, št. 82/2002 (Regulation of enlisting of endangered plant and animal species onto Red List, Official Gazette of Republic Slovenia, no. 82/2002) (2002) enlisted in the Slovene Red List of rare and endangered species, marked by 'E' representing a critically endangered species. Bern Convention, Habitat Directive, Addendum II and IV. Implemented in Uredba o posebnih varstvenih območjih (Natura 2000), Uradni List RS, št 49/2004 (Regulation on specially protected regions (Natura 2000), Official Gazette of Republic Slovenia, no. 49/2004) (2004). Ref.: (1) Personal communication with Mr. Branko Dolinar. (2) M.A. Fischer, W. Adler, K. Oswald, Exkursionsflora für Österreich, Liechtenstein und Südtirol, LO Landesmuseen, Linz, Austria (2005), p xx. (3) A. Martinči et all., Mala Flora Slovenije (Flora of Slovenia - Key) (in Slovenian), Tehnična Založba Slovenije (2007), p 783. (4) D. Aeschimann, K. Lauber, D.M. Moser, J.P. Theurillat, Flora Alpina, Vol. 2., Haupt (2004), p 1144. (5) O.Sebald, S.Seybold, G.Philippi, A.Wöerz, Die Farn- und Blütenpflanzen Baden-Württembergs, Ulmer, Band 8. (1998), p 424. (6) K.Lauber and G.Wagner, Flora Helvetica, 5. Auflage, Haupt (2012), p 1334. (7) B.Dolinar, Kukavičevke v Sloveniji (Orchidaceae of Slovenia) (in Slovenian), Pipinova Knjiga (2015), p 101. (8) H.Kretzschmar, Die Orchideen Deutschlands und angrenzenden Lander, Quelle Meyer (2008), p 164.
  • camera   Nikon D70 /Nikkor Micro 105mm/f2.8
  • contributor's ID #  Bot_270/2008_DSC9032
  • photo category: Plant - annual/perennial

  • common names   Fen Orchid (photographer)
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    Using this photo   The thumbnail photo (128x192 pixels) on this page may be freely used for personal or academic purposes without prior permission under the Fair Use provisions of US copyright law as long as the photo is clearly credited with © 2016 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy. For other uses, or if you have questions, contact Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy amadej.trnkoczy[AT] (Replace the [AT] with the @ symbol before sending an email.)


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