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Epipactis palustris; Marsh Helleborine   

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Epipactis palustris
Epipactis palustris
Marsh Helleborine
Photographer: Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

ID: 0000 0000 0815 1454 (2015-08-11)

Copyright © 2015 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

  • date of photo  Jun 18, 2015
  • latitude 46.37093   longitude 13.73129     View on Google Maps.
  • location   Lower Trenta valley, somewhat downstream of village Trenta, northwest of the road Bovec - Vršič, East Julian Alps (Posočje, Slovenia)
  • notes   Slo.: navadna močvirnica - syn.: Helleborine palustris (L.) Schrank, Serapias palustris L.) Mill. - Habitat: unmaintained grassland, not mowed or fertilized for a long time, near river Soča, flat terrain, open sunny place, alluvial, calcareous ground, shallow ground water, average precipitations ~ 3.000 mm/year, average temperature 7-9 deg C, elevation 570 m (1.850 feet), alpine phytogeographical region. - Substratum: soil. - Comment: Epipactis palustris is one of the species of genus Epipactis, which is easy to find and properly determine. It is not so with other numerous members of this genus. Epipactis palustris also belongs to the three species (along with Epipactis atrorubens and Epipactis helleborine), which are the most frequent and wide spread in Slovenia and in the Alps and other European mountains and also outside of them. The plant loves humid places and calcareous ground. It is spread mostly at low elevations but can occasionally climb up to subalpine elevations. The flowers are relatively large and with little doubt the most beautiful in the genus. Picture 7 shows them in buds. They were growing in large groups of several ten plants along with Gymnadenia conopsea ssp. conopsea, Neotinea ustulata (syn.: Orchis ustulata), Gymnadenia odoratissima and Epipactis atrorubens. - Uredba o zavarovanih prostoživečih rastlinskih vrstah, poglavje A, Uradni list RS, št. 46/2004 (Regulation of protected wild plants, chapter A, Official Gazette of Republic Slovenia, no. 46/2004), (2004). Pravilnik o uvrstitvi ogroženih rastlinskih in živalskih vrst v rdeči seznam, Uradni list RS, št. 82/2002 (Regulation of enlisting of endangered plant and animal species onto Red List, Official Gazette of Republic Slovenia, no. 82/2002) (2002). Enlisted in the Slovene Red List of rare and endangered species, marked by 'V' representing a vulnerable species. - Ref.: (1) B.Dolinar, Kukavičevke v Sloveniji (Orchidaceae of Slovenia) (in Slovenian), Pipinova Knjiga (2015), p 77. (2) A. Martinči et all., Mala Flora Slovenije (Flora of Slovenia - Key) (in Slovenian), Tehnična Založba Slovenije (2007) (in Slovene), p 763. (3) D. Aeschimann, K. Lauber, D.M. Moser, J.P. Theurillat, Flora Alpina, Vol. 2., Haupt (2004), p 1098. (4) H.Kretzschmar, Die Orchideen Deutschlands und angrenzenden Lander, Quelle Meyer (2008), p 136. (5) H.Baumann, S. Kuenkele, R.Lorenz, Orchideen Europas, Ulmer (2006), p 89.
  • camera   Canon G11, 6.1-30mm/f2.8-4.5
  • contributor's ID #  Bot_888/2015_IMG8398
  • photo category: Plant - annual/perennial

  • common names   Marsh Helleborine (photographer)
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  • The photographer's identification Epipactis palustris has not been reviewed. Click here to review or comment on the identification.

    Using this photo   The thumbnail photo (128x192 pixels) on this page may be freely used for personal or academic purposes without prior permission under the Fair Use provisions of US copyright law as long as the photo is clearly credited with © 2015 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy. For other uses, or if you have questions, contact Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy amadej.trnkoczy[AT] (Replace the [AT] with the @ symbol before sending an email.)


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