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Sanicula maritima; Adobe Sanicle   

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Sanicula maritima
Sanicula maritima
Adobe Sanicle
Photographer: Aaron Schusteff

ID: 0000 0000 0515 1294 (2015-05-13)

Copyright © 2015 Aaron Schusteff

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  • date of photo  Apr 20, 2015
  • location   Arroyo de la Cruz (San Luis Obispo County, California, US)
  • family Apiaceae
  • notes   Detail of infructescence of the rare plant Sanicula maritima, also known as ''Adobe Sanicle'' or simply ''Dobie Sanicle''.

    Note that the inflorescences of this species consists of heads (actually sessile umbels) with a central cluster of 3-8 bisexual flowers surrounded by more numerous staminate flowers. One can see this reflected in the image here, with the bulging central cluster of plump, prickled fruits surrounded by relatively-spindly, dried remnants of the staminate flowers. A key character of this species is that the fruits have prickles only on the upper half-to-third of their surfaces...which is evident here.

    This is a rare plant that I had never seen (or heard of) before. But I was in the field here with Randy Morgan who, immediately upon seeing it, exclaimed: ''Wow! Look at that...Sanicula maritima !!'':-) It certainly didn't look like any Sanicula I'd ever seen...with those long-petiolate and large, fleshy, entire leaves. So later, to learn more, I keyed it out in a number of floras and, sure enough, it went to S. maritima in all of them.

    This species was originally described by Albert Kellogg (but formally published in 1880 by Sereno Watson) based on plants found in the San Francisco Bay area. In Willis Jepson's 1936 ''A Flora of California, Vol. II'', its habitat is given as:

    ''Low adobe flats bordering salt marshes, 0 to 20 feet: east and west sides of San Francisco Bay south of the Golden Gate. Locs.— Potrero, San Francisco, E. Cannon; Alameda Greene.''

    CalFlora currently lists 3 CCH records from San Francisco County (by Miss E. Cannon and Alice Eastwood) and 3 records from Alameda County (by Edward Greene and George Vasey)...all from 1895 or earlier. Apparently it is now presumed extirpated from the San Francisco Bay area. The following appears on pg. 109 of the 1958 ''A Flora of San Francisco'' by Howell & Raven:

    ''Sanicula maritima Kellogg ex Watson. Dobie Sanicle. Formerly known from depressions in clayey soil: San Francisco, T. S. Brandegee in 1893 (Dudley Herbarium); Potrero Hills, Cannon in 1891. This was the northernmost station for an exceedingly rare species. The type was collected ''about San Francisco'' by Kellogg.''

  • photo category: Plant - annual/perennial

  • common names   Adobe Sanicle (photographer)
  • Look for Jepson Manual treatments, maps (University & Jepson Herbaria)
  • View Calflora record for Sanicula maritima
  • View all photos in CalPhotos of Sanicula maritima
  • Check Google Images for Sanicula maritima

  • The photographer's identification Sanicula maritima has not been reviewed. Click here to review or comment on the identification.

    Using this photo   The thumbnail photo (128x192 pixels) on this page may be freely used for personal or academic purposes without prior permission under the Fair Use provisions of US copyright law as long as the photo is clearly credited with © 2015 Aaron Schusteff. For other uses, or if you have questions, contact Aaron Schusteff arbonius2[AT] (Replace the [AT] with the @ symbol before sending an email.)


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