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Pinguicula vulgaris; Common Butterwort   

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Pinguicula vulgaris
Pinguicula vulgaris
Common Butterwort
Photographer: Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

ID: 0000 0000 1014 1604 (2014-10-21)

Copyright © 2014 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

  • date of photo  Jun 6, 2012
  • latitude 46.34647   longitude 13.98599     View on Google Maps.
  • location   Pokljuka flats, near the road from Gorjuše village to Mrzli studenc place, East Julian Alps (Posočje, Slovenia)
  • notes   Slo.: navadna mastnica - Habitat: Alpine high marsh, grassland, flat terrain, calcareous ground, full sun, exposed to direct precipitations, average precipitations ~ 3.000 mm/year, average temperature 3-5 deg C, elevation 1.215 m (4.000 feet), alpine phytogeographical region. - Substratum: wet soil. - Comment: Pinguicula vulgaris is an insect eating plant. It catches small insects with its fairly thick, like fatty and sticky ground leaves (Latin word 'pinguiculus' means 'very fat'). After insects get stuck the leaf rolls together and slowly digests them. When the job is done, the leaf opens again waiting on new victims. This behavior is not the main source of food of the plant, but more a kind of 'supplement' required, or at least wellcome, to enable growth on very nutrition poor ground. Two species of this genus grow in Slovenia, Pinguicula vulgaris and Pinguicula alpina. Both are carnivorous and have very similar habitus. In spite of this, distinguishing between both is easy. P. alpina has white flowers while P. vulgaris is violet-blue. Slovenian name of P. vulgaris 'navadna mastnica' is unfortunately a straight translation of Latin name. 'Vulgaris' translates to 'navadna', that means 'common'. But it is not! It is quite rare and far less common than P. alpina. - Protected according to 'Uredba o zavarovanih prostoživečih rastlinskih vrstah', Ur.l. RS, št. 46/2004 (Regulation on protected wild plants, Official gazette of Republic of Slovenia, No. 46/2004) - Ref.: - (1) D. Aeschimann, K. Lauber, D.M. Moser, J.P. Theurillat, Flora Alpina, Vol. 2., Haupt (2004), p 300. (2) K. Lauber and G. Wagner, Flora Helvetica, 5. Auflage, Haupt (2012), p 944. (3) M.A. Fischer, W. Adler, K. Oswald, Exkursionsflora Österreich Liechtenstein, Südtirol, LO Landesmuseen, Linz, Austria (2005), p 763. (4) A. Martinči et all., Mala Flora Slovenije, Tehnična Založba Slovenije (2007) (in Slovene), p 583.
  • camera   Nikon D700 / Nikkor Micro 105mm/f2.8
  • contributor's ID #  Bot_627/2012_DSC3962
  • photo category: Plant - annual/perennial

  • common names   Common Butterwort (photographer)
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    Using this photo   The thumbnail photo (128x192 pixels) on this page may be freely used for personal or academic purposes without prior permission under the Fair Use provisions of US copyright law as long as the photo is clearly credited with © 2014 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy. For other uses, or if you have questions, contact Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy amadej.trnkoczy[AT] (Replace the [AT] with the @ symbol before sending an email.)


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