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Olea europaea; Olive Tree   

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Olea europaea
Olea europaea
Olive Tree
Photographer: Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

ID: 0000 0000 0324 0414 (2024-03-12)

Copyright © 2024 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

  • date of photo  Apr 22, 2006
  • latitude 44.38066   longitude 14.78605     View on Google Maps.
  • location   Adriatic Sea, island Olib; old, unmaintained olive grove halfway from village Olib to Slatinica Bay, Zadar archipelago, Dalmatia, Croatia. (Zadar region, Croatia)
  • family Oleaceae
  • notes   Comments: The following text pertains to the pictures in a Flickr album of Olea europaea or the Olive tree. The olive tree is a remarkable plant found in the Mediterranean region. It holds great symbolic significance in all Mediterranean cultures and is one of the oldest cultivated plants known to man. The oldest olive trees are believed to be over 3,000 years old. It was initially grown for its healthy oil and is so common in gardens and olive groves all around the Mediterranean Sea that it is difficult to find a truly wild species today. In the Croatian Adriatic Sea shore, there are about 3.5 million olive trees (Ref.: 4) that grow in a large part of unmaintained olive groves today. Many fewer have 'escaped' from there and grow in the wild. All the pictures in the album show cultivated plants. There is only a single place along the entire east Adriatic coast and its thousand islands, where original wild olive trees grow. This place is near the town of Lun on the island of Pag, where about 1.500 very old trees grow (Ref.: 4). However, even these trees may have been influenced by humans, and scientists are not entirely sure if they are truly autochthonous there. Various methods have been used throughout history to reproduce olive trees, including vegetative, by grafts, by seeds, and by crossing, and then left to grow for centuries, following their laws of proliferation, and used again agriculturally. As a result, olive trees are genetically extremely diverse, and no two plants have the same genetic pattern, representing a vital genetic treasure. Currently, botanically, more than 300 different variants of the species are recognized. Ref.: (1) A. Martinči et all., Mala Flora Slovenije (Flora of Slovenia - Key) (in Slovenian), Tehnična Založba Slovenije (2007), p 504. (2) T. Nikolić, Flora Croatica, Vaskularna flora Republike Hrvatske, Vol. 3. Alfa d.d.. Zagreb (2020) p 184. (3) Euro+Med 2006+ [continuously updated]: Euro+Med PlantBase - the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity. – Published at [accessed March 10. 2024] (4) R. Brus, Drevesa in grmi Jadrana (Trees and bushes of Adria) (in Slovene), Modrijan Pub, (2012), p 494.
  • camera   Nikon D70 /AF-S Nikorr 18-70mm/f3.5-4.5G ED
  • contributor's ID #  Bot_0113/2006_DSC0024
  • photo category: Plant - tree

  • common names   Olive Tree (photographer)
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  • The photographer's identification Olea europaea has not been reviewed. Click here to review or comment on the identification.

    Using this photo   The thumbnail photo (128x192 pixels) on this page may be freely used for personal or academic purposes without prior permission under the Fair Use provisions of US copyright law as long as the photo is clearly credited with © 2024 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy. For other uses, or if you have questions, contact Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy amadej.trnkoczy[AT] (Replace the [AT] with the @ symbol before sending an email.)


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